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A hidden back-end battle to control the Internet's hardware

New Delhi, Jan 7 (IANS) From 2016 to 2020, Jacob Helberg led Google's global internal product policy efforts to combat disinformation and foreign interference. During this time, he found himself in the midst of what can only be described as a quickly escalating two-front technology cold war between democracy and autocracy.

The outcome is 'Wires of War - Technology And The Global Struggle For Power' (Simon & Schuster).

On the front-end, we're fighting to control the software - applications, news information, social media platforms, and more - of what we see on the screens of our computers, tablets, and phones, a clash which started out primarily with Russia but now increasingly includes China and Iran.

Even more ominously, we're also engaged in a hidden back-end battle - largely with China - to control the Internet's hardware, which includes devices like cellular phones, satellites, fibre-optic cables, and 5G networks.

This tech-fuelled war will shape the world's balance of power for the coming century as autocracies exploit 21st-century methods to re-divide the world into 20th century-style spheres of influence.

Helberg cautions that the spoils of this fight are power over every meaningful aspect of our lives, including our economy, our infrastructure, our national security, and ultimately, our national sovereignty. Without a firm partnership with the government, Silicon Valley is unable to protect democracy from the autocrats looking to sabotage it from Beijing to Moscow and Tehran. The stakes of the ongoing cyberwar are no less than the capacity of individual nations to chart their own future - and even the ability of each of us to control our own fates, Helberg says.

And time is quickly running out.

Jacob Helberg is currently a senior adviser at the Stanford University Center on Geopolitics and Technology and an adjunct fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). He is also the co chair of the Brookings Institution China Strategy Initiative. Helberg studied international affairs at The George Washington University and received his master of science in cybersecurity risk and strategy from New York University.